General

How to treat ear mites in cats

How to treat ear mites in cats

How to treat ear mites in cats

Ear mites in cats: treatment of external otitis

The symptoms of an ear infection include redness, itching, and an earache. The condition may be temporary, but if left untreated, it may be long lasting and can lead to further complications.

Ear mites in cats can spread through direct physical contact, such as through scratching, and by contact with cat litter boxes or fomites, such as clothing and beds.

Ear mites are common in cats, especially young, unvaccinated cats, and in older, immunocompromised cats. The mites feed on secretions from the outer ear, and they usually reside on the external surface of the ear.

Ear mites in cats may cause discomfort, and in severe cases, they can cause an ear infection. Cats with ear mites may appear to be uncomfortable, but they don't actually suffer from pain.

The mites don't bite or cause wounds to the cats' ears, but they may cause irritation and scratching. A cat with ear mites may also have a runny nose. The mites feed on secretions from the cat's ear canal and this secretions, and their feces, contain bacteria that can cause the symptoms of an ear infection.

Treatment options

The following treatments can be used to treat ear mites in cats.

Deworming

Infected cats often have mites in the first place because they have been dewormed with a deworming product that does not kill mites, or because they have been infested by fleas.

Mites can spread between cats through direct contact, and it is recommended that cats be kept separate from other cats.

Mites can live in a cat's ears for several months, and the mites are infectious to other cats and dogs. When a cat scratches or rubs its ears against something, the mites can become dislodged and get onto the animal's other body parts.

Treatment with an oral dewormer does not kill mites in the ear canal. The most common products available for use in treating ear mites are:

Anthelmintics

Anthelmintics are drugs that destroy parasitic worms in cats, and they can also kill ear mites. The medications that are used to treat ear mites may have a limited effect on the mites in the ear canal and it is advised that a veterinarian perform the following test to confirm that the product is effective.

Deworming a cat and using a product that kills ear mites may not eliminate mites from the animal's ears. Therefore, it is advised to use an anthelmintic for cats that have both ear mites and fleas.

There are several products that are approved for use in cats, such as:

Ivermectin

Pyrantel pamoate

Toxaphene

Moxidectin

Praziquantel

Fenbendazole

These products are available as oral and topical solutions, and they are approved for use in cats of all ages and breeds.

Otomycin

The antibiotic otomycin is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for treatment of ear mites in cats, and it is available as a solution for treating ear infections and as a spray. The product can be used to treat ear mites in cats of all ages and breeds.

Otomycin can be used as a topical solution or a spray. Treatment for ear mites should be performed by a veterinarian.

Ear mite removal

When an ear infection has been diagnosed, and there is no evidence of another infection, the mites should be removed to avoid further complications.

Cats that have been diagnosed with ear mites will likely need to be treated with an anthelmintic before their ears can be checked for mites.

A veterinarian can remove mites by using a handheld or powered instrument, such as a cotton swab, and a syringe. The instrument will be used to pull the mites from the cat's ear.

Surgical removal

Ear mites are not contagious, and an infected ear does not transmit them to other cats or dogs. However, if the cat has other ear problems, such as a fungal infection, then an ear specialist should be consulted.

Surgical removal of mites from an infected ear requires a veterinarian that specializes in ear surgery, and it is recommended that ear surgery be performed by a veterinary oto-rhino-laryngologist.

The treatment may involve removing infected earwax and the infected outer ear. If the cat's inner ear is infected, then surgery will be needed to remove the infected area. The ear canal can be cleaned, the mites removed, and the ear can be stitched. The veterinarian will likely prescribe a painkiller to be used after surgery, and the cat may be anesthetized so that it does not feel any pain.

Ear mites in cats: treatment of external otitis

External ear mites in cats are rarely painful for the cats themselves, but they can cause itching and irritation.

An ear infection may also occur in cats with ear mites. The infection, which is caused by bacteria that are passed to cats through contact with cat litter boxes, often occurs in the ear canal or in the middle ear.

The following treatment options can be used to treat external otitis:

Antibiotics

External otitis is often diagnosed based on a cat's symptoms, such as scratching at the base of the ear or an infected ear discharge.

Treatment with an oral or topical antibiotic can be used to treat external otitis, but it is advised to consult a veterinarian to confirm that the symptoms are consistent with the infection, as it can be difficult to diagnose.

Antibiotic ear drops

Antibiotic ear drops can be used to treat ear infections in cats. An ear infection occurs when the cat's ear canal is infected, and the bacteria that cause the


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